labour in the south african gold mines

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

1914 was to make the South African gold industry the world’s top producer . The South African War of 1899–1902 forced every gold mine into a virtual shutdown and led to a lowered demand for black labour and the loss of over 100, 000 jobs (a, Figure 1). WNLA was requested to set up a realistic structure to achieve a stable workforce.

Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy: The ...

Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy: The Struggle for the Gold Mines' Labour Supply, 1890-1920 ... For almost a century gold mining has dominated the South African economy. Even today, after many years of rapid economic growth and diversification, the gold mines remain the principal source of foreign exchange and a major contributor ...

Amazon: Labour in the South African Gold Mines 1911 ...

Sep 07, 2014· The main theme of this 1972 book is the determination of wages. Dr Wilson believes that successive South African governments used the gold mining industry when planning labour policies, so that the mines' labour strategy exerted a profound influence on the social and economic structure of South Africa.

Cited by: 160Labour in the South African Gold Mines 1911-1969 - Francis ...

The main theme of this 1972 book, the determination of wages, is introduced by a historical analysis of the labour market in the mines and an examination of the economics and financial structure of the gold mining industry. Dr Wilson believes that successive South African governments used the gold mining industry when planning labour policies, so that the mines' labour strategy exerted a ...

Mining Conditions in South Africa - Mining in Africa

What Mining Conditions in South Africa are like. The African continent is known across the world for its natural beauty and even more so for its mineral wealth. South Africa in particular has a massive mining industry – it is a major source of diamonds, gold, platinum and coal, and is home to most of the deepest mines in the world.

Author: MiningafricaBrief history of gold mining in South Africa - Mining for ...

Anglo-Boer/South African War, brought about to some extent by the struggle for control of the goldfields, caused extreme disruptions in the mining industry, and at some stage, mines were closed 1901 The Witwatersrand Native Labour Association (Wenela) set up by gold …

7 THE GOLD OF MIGRANT LABOUR

and few know this better than South Africa's vast and wealthy gold mining industry. Migrant labour for the Union's mines—long the fly-wheel of Union 'Native policy'—is today being drawn not only from the Union, but from nine countries in Southern and Central Africa, reaching as far north as Tanganyika.

Mining industry of South Africa - Wikipedia

In July 2018, Mineral Council of South Africa announced, 75% of mines in South Africa are now unprofitable due to decline in gold reserves. Among the nation's gold mines are two of the deepest mines in the world. The East Rand Mine, in Boksburg, extends to a depth of 3,585 metres (11,762 ft).

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa Article in Journal- South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 104(2):65-72 · March 2004 with 457 Reads How we measure 'reads'

All That Glitters - South African History Online

A change so unexpected and a development never known before were due to the discovery in 1886 of the greatest gold mines of all history, ancient and modern. From 1886 {until 1940] the story of South Africa is the story of gold. - C.W. de Kiewiet, 1941. The discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand in 1886 was a turning point in South African history.

Labour in the South African gold mines 1911-1969. (Book ...

The main theme of this 1972 book is the determination of wages. Dr Wilson believes that successive South African governments used the gold mining industry when planning labour …

The Recruiting of Chinese Indentured Labour for the South ...

, ‘ The Control of Migratory Labour on the South African Gold Mines in the Era of Kruger and Milner ’, J. of Southern African Studies (JSAS), ii, 1 (Oct. 1975), 3 – 29; and Wilson, F., Labour in the South African Gold Mines, 1911–1969, (London, 1972), 39 – 40 for discussions of the pay limit and determinants affecting it. Contrary to ...

5. The mining industry, migrant labour and hostels - The O ...

The Commission heard and accepted Professor Wilson's evidence on the historical perspective concerning the employment of labour in South African mines (see Annexure 15). The Commission recognizes that a central feature of the gold mining industry is an oscillating migratory labour system.

Labour in the South African Gold Mines, The South African ...

Labour in the South African Gold Mines Labour in the South African Gold Mines RATCLIFFE, ANNE E. 1973-09-01 00:00:00 [1973 SAJE v41(3) p257] IN THIS IMPORTANT Study, *(2) Dr Wilson has transformed a Cambridge Ph.D. thesis into a work which should be - and evidently has been - read with interest and profit by many people other than professional economists.

Published in: South African Journal of Economics · 1973Authors: Anne E RatcliffeAffiliation: University of the WitwatersrandAbout: Gold miningMining: South Africa’s Biggest Success or Apartheid’s ...

Jan 22, 2016· The discovery of gold was what put South Africa at the forefront of economic exploration by European settlers for potential mining opportunities, and the surrounding countries as well. However, this discovery came at a price, and the price was paid on black African laborers.

South Africa's Illegal Gold Mines - YouTube

Mar 28, 2014· In the 1970s, South Africa was the world's most prolific exporter of gold. Over the years, industrial decline has seen widespread closures of the mines across the country. However, Johannesburg ...

Author: VICE NewsCompound (migrant labour) - Wikipedia

An earlier form of compound developed in South Africa in response to copper mining in Namaqualand in the 1850s. However, the systems of control associated with labour compounds became more organized in the context of diamond mining at what became Kimberley from the early 1870s. By 1872 more than 50 000 people had converged on the Diamond Fields.

v116n3a10 Trends in productivity in the South African …

Trends in productivity in the South African gold mining industry only AngloGold Ashanti and Harmony Gold reported labour productivity between 2010 and 2014. Therefore, trends in labour productivity were presented for the period reported. This practice in reporting is not strange to the mining industry, as Neingo and Castone (2014), citing Strassman

Gold mining industry employment 10 Jan 2019 - South ...

Not only are South African gold mines becoming to expensive to mine profitably (due to labour unions and their high wage demands, deep mines becoming unsafe to mine without heavy investments in underground safety, and a electricity source in ESKOM which is unreliable and expensive).

Africa's Child Mining Shame | Human Rights Watch

Sep 11, 2013· Tanzania is the fourth-largest gold producer in Africa, and about 10 percent of its gold comes from small-scale mines. The United Arab Emirates is the top buyer, but Tanzania also exports gold …

A story of South Africa: Mining, Migration, Misery

Apr 14, 2014· A story of South Africa: Mining, Migration, Misery ... But the gold mining labour system was largely replicated on the platinum belt to the northwest as well. ... Many activists argue that South ...

Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy | McGill ...

Based upon government records and private business archives, it examines the highly competitive world of mine labour recruiting at the turn of the century and concludes that this regimented labour system was the product not only of the mining companies but also of political pressures and economic needs in South African society.

Labour unrest forces Harmony Gold to close South African mine

Dec 20, 2012· Harmony Gold Mining (NYSE:HMY) announced Thursday it has closed its Kusasalethu mine in South Africa a day earlier than planned for the festive holiday season due to violent demonstrations ...

Half of South Africa’s gold mines operating at loss ...

Sep 09, 2015· South Africa’s miners, gold and platinum in particular, are facing a toxic combination of weak metal prices, intensifying labour disputes and the …

A story of South Africa: Mining, Migration, Misery

Apr 14, 2014· A story of South Africa: Mining, Migration, Misery ... But the gold mining labour system was largely replicated on the platinum belt to the northwest as well. ... Many activists argue that South ...

Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy | McGill ...

Based upon government records and private business archives, it examines the highly competitive world of mine labour recruiting at the turn of the century and concludes that this regimented labour system was the product not only of the mining companies but also of political pressures and economic needs in South African society.

Labour unrest forces Harmony Gold to close South African mine

Dec 20, 2012· Harmony Gold Mining (NYSE:HMY) announced Thursday it has closed its Kusasalethu mine in South Africa a day earlier than planned for the festive holiday season due to violent demonstrations ...

Half of South Africa’s gold mines operating at loss ...

Sep 09, 2015· South Africa’s miners, gold and platinum in particular, are facing a toxic combination of weak metal prices, intensifying labour disputes and the …

Migrant Labour in South Africa - Mandela Initiative

Labour in the South African Gold Mines: Past and Present . Professor Francis Wilson, Emeritus Professor, University of Cape Town and Fort Hare . The migrant labour system , which is 150 years old,in South Africa was forged around the monoposonistic needs of the mainly British capitalists controlling the country’s gold mines. They

The centrality of labor time in South African gold mining ...

Labor time, as a dimension of South African mining labor history, has been ignored, both conceptually and historically. This article remedies this yawning gap by presenting primary and secondary evidence which demonstrates the centrality of labor time in South African gold mines since the discovery of gold …

South African mining: Stuck in the past | Financial Times

Apr 01, 2014· Kgalema Motlanthe, South Africa’s deputy president and head of a government mining task force, told companies last year that the migrant labour …

Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy: The ...

Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy: The Struggle for the Gold Mines' Labour Supply, 1890-1920 [Alan H. Jeeves] on Amazon. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In tracing the development of the recruiting system, Alan Jeeves shows how a large proportion of the labour supply came to be controlled by private labour companies and recruiting agents

Author: Alan H. JeevesDiamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910

The 'pass laws' and migrant labour of apartheid in South Africa today have their origins in the policies designed to control the black workers in the diamond mines a century ago. Racial discrimination in South Africa is based on the migrant labour system.

The effects of strikes in the South African gold mining ...

economic sector in South Africa (Chamber of Mines South Africa, 2012). The South African unionised labour market is particularly active when it comes to wage negotiations which often results in strike action, however in recent days we have seen extraordinary increase in illegal strikes in addition to legal strikes (Gold Fields Limited, 2012).

Authors: Aayesha SeedatAbout: Shareholder valueDiamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910 ...

Migrant labour has ensured a supply of cheap wage labour to the mining sector and secondary industry, and is a system which has been condemned throughout the world. Migrant labour is not a system unique to South Africa. Migrant labourers from countries in southern Europe contract to work in France, Germany, Sweden and Britain on a large scale.

The extrusion of foreign labour from the South African ...

The Extrusion of Foreign Labour from the South African Gold Mining Industry JONATHAN S. CRUSH* Edmonton, Canada Abstract: The South African gold mining industry has traditionally drawn its migrant labour force from a variety of domestic and foreign labour reservoirs.

Southern Africa - Southern Africa, 1899–1945 | Britannica

Southern Africa - Southern Africa - Southern Africa, 1899–1945: If the Nama-Herero wars were among the most savage in colonial Africa, an equally bitter, costly colonial war was fought by Britain against the Afrikaner South African Republic. The reasons for the South African (or Anglo-Boer) War (1899–1902) remain controversial: some historians portray it in personal terms, the result of ...

Modernizing Racial Domination: South Africa's political ...

Modernizing Racial Domination: South Africa's political dynamics by Heribert Adam Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1971. Pp. xi + 203. $8.00. - The Roots of Segregation: native policy in Natal, 1845–1910 by David WEelsh Cape Town, Oxford University Press, 1971. Pp. x+381. R8.00. - Labour in the South African Gold Mines, 1911–1969 by Francis Wilson Cambridge ...